Leaching of pure chalcocite in a chloride media using waste water at high temperature

Kevin Pérez, Ricardo I. Jeldres, Steven Nieto, Eleazar Salinas-Rodríguez, PEDRO ADRIAN ROBLES VASQUEZ, Víctor Quezada, Juan Hernández-ávila, Norman Toro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Studying the dissolution of chalcocite allows to understand the behavior of the most abundant secondary sulfide ore in copper deposits, while digenite (Cu1.8S) and other intermediate sulfides (Cu2−xS) are often associated with chalcocite. The most common mechanism of dissolution is by two stages, and chloride ions benefit the kinetics of dissolution. In this study, a pure chalcocite mineral (99.9% according to XRD (X-Ray Diffraction) analysis) is leached in chloride media using NaCl and wastewater as the sources of chloride. Magnetic leaching tests are performed at 65, 75, and 95 °C, using a particle size between −150 and + 106 μm. Chloride concentration and leaching time are the main variables. A substantial dissolution of chalcocite was obtained with 0.5 M H2SO4, 100 g/L of chloride and a leaching time of 3 h. The apparent activation energy (Ea) derived from the slopes of the Arrhenius plots was 36 kJ/mol. The XRD analysis proves the presence of elemental sulfur (S0) as the main component in the leaching residue. No significant differences in copper extraction were detected when using 100 g/L of chloride ion or wastewater (39 g/L).

Original languageEnglish
Article number384
JournalMetals
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Desalination water
  • Reusing water
  • Sulfide leaching
  • Waste water

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