TY - JOUR

T1 - Linear incidence rate

T2 - Its influence on the asymptotic behavior of a stochastic epidemic model

AU - Christen, Alejandra

AU - Maulén-Yañez, M. Angélica

AU - Valencia, Yoselinne

AU - González-Olivares, Eduardo

AU - Rial, Diego F.

AU - Curé, Michel

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Copyright:
Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

PY - 2021/11/30

Y1 - 2021/11/30

N2 - Diseases are an important fact in the real world and concentrate the attention of a great number of researchers. Many of them are caused by nematodes, fungi, bacteria, or viruses. Nevertheless, there exists another, which are transmitted from the mothers to offspring (vertical transmission). In this paper, the dynamics of an suceptible-infectious (SI) epidemic model are analyzed considering a linear (bilinear or standard) incidence in the deterministic and stochastic regimes, assuming that the newborns are infected from their own mothers. A long-term behavior of the proportion of infected individuals depending on the system parameters and initial conditions is established. Then, we consider the case where this linear transmission rate, not previously used for this model, has a stochastic component described by a white noise which leads to a stochastic differential equation (SDE). The existence and uniqueness of the solution of the SDE is proved. The extinction of the disease is characterized, and an exponential decay to extinction is obtained under certain restrictions of the parameters. By assuming time-independent solutions of the Fokker-Plank equation, we determine a stationary measure of the probability density, and some of its properties are provided. Numerical simulations are performed to show the dynamics of the system in different regimes and to illustrate some differences between deterministic and stochastic effects.

AB - Diseases are an important fact in the real world and concentrate the attention of a great number of researchers. Many of them are caused by nematodes, fungi, bacteria, or viruses. Nevertheless, there exists another, which are transmitted from the mothers to offspring (vertical transmission). In this paper, the dynamics of an suceptible-infectious (SI) epidemic model are analyzed considering a linear (bilinear or standard) incidence in the deterministic and stochastic regimes, assuming that the newborns are infected from their own mothers. A long-term behavior of the proportion of infected individuals depending on the system parameters and initial conditions is established. Then, we consider the case where this linear transmission rate, not previously used for this model, has a stochastic component described by a white noise which leads to a stochastic differential equation (SDE). The existence and uniqueness of the solution of the SDE is proved. The extinction of the disease is characterized, and an exponential decay to extinction is obtained under certain restrictions of the parameters. By assuming time-independent solutions of the Fokker-Plank equation, we determine a stationary measure of the probability density, and some of its properties are provided. Numerical simulations are performed to show the dynamics of the system in different regimes and to illustrate some differences between deterministic and stochastic effects.

KW - epidemic model

KW - linear incidence rates

KW - stochastic transmission

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85088829222&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/mma.6700

DO - 10.1002/mma.6700

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85088829222

SN - 0170-4214

VL - 44

SP - 12391

EP - 12407

JO - Mathematical Methods in the Applied Sciences

JF - Mathematical Methods in the Applied Sciences

IS - 17

ER -