Local actions to tackle a global problem: A multidimensional assessment of the pollination crisis in Chile

Lorena Vieli, Maureen M. Murúa, Luis Flores-Prado, Gastón O. Carvallo, Carlos E. Valdivia, Giselle Muschett, Manuel López-Aliste, Constanza Andía, Christian Jofré-Pérez, Francisco E. Fontúrbel

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

In the last decades, pollinators have drastically declined as a consequence of anthropogenic activities that have local and global impacts. The food industry has been expanding intensive agriculture crops, many of them dependent on animal pollination, but simultaneously reducing native pollinator habitats. Chile is a good example of this situation. Chile is becoming an agro-alimentary powerhouse in Latin America, where intensive agriculture expansion is performed at the expense of natural lands, posing a major threat to biodiversity. Here, we discussed the drivers responsible for the decline of pollinators (including habitat loss, pesticides, invasive species, and climate change) and its synergistic effects. This is particularly critical considering that Chile is a hotspot of endemic bee species locally adapted to specific habitats (e.g., Mediterranean-type ecosystems). However, there is a lack of data and monitoring programs that can provide evidence of their conservation status and contribution to crop yields. Based on our analysis, we identified information gaps to be filled and key threats to be addressed to reconcile crop production and biodiversity conservation. Addressing the local context is fundamental to undertake management and conservation actions with global impact.

Original languageEnglish
Article number571
JournalDiversity
Volume13
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chile
  • Climate change
  • Conservation
  • Invasive species
  • Land-use change
  • Managed pollinators
  • Pesticides

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