Maternal exercise during pregnancy ameliorates the postnatal neuronal impairments induced by prenatal restraint stress in mice

Carlos Bustamante, Ricardo Henríquez, Felipe Medina, Carmen Reinoso, Ronald Vargas, Rodrigo Pascual

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Clinical and preclinical studies have demonstrated that prenatal stress (PS) induces neuronal and behavioral disturbances in the offspring. In the present study, we determined whether maternal voluntary wheel running (VWR) during pregnancy could reverse the putative deleterious effects of PS on the neurodevelopment and behavior of the offspring. Pregnant CF-1 mice were randomly assigned to control, restraint stressed or restraint stressed. +. VWR groups. Dams of the stressed group were subjected to restraint stress between gestational days 14 and delivery, while control pregnant dams remained undisturbed in their home cages. Dams of the restraint stressed. +. VWR group were subjected to exercise between gestational days 1 and 17. On postnatal day 23 (P23), male pups were assigned to one of the following experimental groups: mice born from control dams, stressed dams or stressed. +. VWR dams. Locomotor behavior and pyramidal neuronal morphology were evaluated at P23. Animals were then sacrificed, and Golgi-impregnated pyramidal neurons of the parietal cortex were morphometrically analyzed. Here, we present two major findings: first, PS produced significantly diminished dendritic growth of parietal neurons without altered locomotor behavior of the offspring; and second, maternal VWR significantly offset morphological impairments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-273
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Apical dendrites
  • Locomotor behavior
  • Maternal voluntary wheel running
  • Parietal cortex
  • Prenatal stress

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