Mechanisms of interaction among enzymes and supports

Enrico Camelin, Oscar Romero, Marco Piumetti, Carminna Ottone, Andrés Illanes, Debora Fino

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Enzymes are outstanding biocatalysts for catalyzing reactions under mild conditions, with versatile substrate specificity and high product selectivity. Despite these desirable properties, the industrial application of soluble enzymes is hindered by their low operational stability and efficiency of use leading to a high incidence of enzyme’s operational cost and complex recovery after use being usually part of the final product. These downsides have been successfully tackled through the years by enzyme immobilization techniques. The present chapter is aimed to explore this field of biocatalysis, with particular emphasis on inorganic porous materials as supports for enzyme immobilization. Its main goal is to provide basic principles of (1) enzyme-support interaction, (2) peculiar features of the most common porous supports and strategies for tuning their synthesis according to the enzyme structural properties, and (3) complementary characterization techniques of immobilized enzymes.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNanomaterials for Biocatalysis
PublisherElsevier
Pages105-148
Number of pages44
ISBN (Electronic)9780128244364
ISBN (Print)9780128244371
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Biocatalysts
  • Enzyme immobilization
  • Enzyme stabilization
  • Enzyme-support interaction
  • Industrial applications
  • Porous materials

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