Micro X-ray Fluorescence Study of Late Pre-Hispanic Ceramics from the Western Slopes of the South Central Andes Region in the Arica y Parinacota Region, Chile: A New Methodological Approach

Samuel Flewett, Thibault Saintenoy, Marcela Sepúlveda, Edward Fabian Mosso, Carolina Robles, Katherine Vega, Sebastian Gutierrez, Alvaro Romero, Lydia Finney, Evan Maxey, Stefan Vogt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Archeological ceramic paste material typically consists of a mix of a clay matrix and various millimeter and sub-millimeter sized mineral inclusions. Micro X-ray fluorescence (XRF) is a standard compositional classification tool and in this work we propose and demonstrate an improved fluorescence map processing protocol where the mineral inclusions are automatically separated from the clay matrix to allow independent statistical analysis of the two parts. Application of this protocol allowed us to enhance the discrimination between different ceramic shards compared with the standard procedure of working with only the spatially averaged elemental concentrations. Using the new protocol, we performed an initial compositional classification of a set of 83 ceramic shards from the western slopes of the south central Andean region in the Arica y Parinacota region (Chile). Comparing the classifications obtained using the new versus the old (average concentrations only) protocols, we found that some samples were erroneously classified with the old protocol. From an archaeological perspective, a broad and heterogeneous regional sample set was used in this experimental study due to the fact that this was the first such analysis to be performed on ceramics from this region. This allowed a general overview to be obtained, however further work on more specific sample sets will be necessary to extract concrete archaeological conclusions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1759-1769
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Spectroscopy
Volume70
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Archaeology
  • ceramics
  • image processing
  • micro x-ray fluorescence
  • XRF

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