In this paper, by using a new method, we derive the trapezoidal beta (TB) distribution and its properties. The TB distribution is a mixture model, generalizes both the beta and rectangu-lar beta distributions, and allows one to describe bounded data with heavy right and/or left tails. In relation to the two-parameter beta distribution, we add two additional parameters which have an intuitive interpretation. The four TB parameters are estimated with the expectation-maximization algorithm. We conduct a simulation study to evaluate performance of the TB distribution. An application with real data is carried out, which includes a comparison among the beta, rectan-gular beta and TB distributions indicating that the TB one describes these data better.
- EM algorithm
- R software
- bounded-support distributions
- mixture distributions
- trapezoidal dis-tributions