Molecular mass of Poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (P3HB) produced by Azotobacter vinelandii is influenced by the polymer content in the inoculum

Modesto Millán, Miriam Salazar, Daniel Segura, Tania Castillo, ALVARO ENRIQUE DIAZ BARRERA, Carlos Peña

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (P3HB) is a biopolymer produced by Azotobacter vinelandii. The physicochemical properties and applications of P3HB are strongly influenced by its weight-average molecular mass (Mw), and in A. vinelandii, it could be influenced by the culture conditions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the P3HB content of the inoculum on the Mw of the polymer produced by A. vinelandii OP in bioreactor cultures. A. vinelandii cells containing 20, 50 and 70% of P3HB were used as inoculum. The P3HB content in the inoculum affected the volumetric P3HB productivity (qP3HB) and the Mw of P3HB. Those cultures inoculated with cells containing 20% of P3HB, achieved the highest qP3HB (0.17 ± 0.018 gP3HB L−1 h−1); whereas a P3HB content of 70% was reflected as a low qP3HB (0.021 ± 0.002 gP3HB L−1 h−1). On the other hand, using an inoculum with 70% of polymer content, the Mw of the biopolymer remained stable at values close to 3200 kDa; whereas, when an inoculum with 20% of P3HB was used, the Mw decreased drastically during early stages of cultivation. These results show that manipulating the P3HB content of the inoculum is possible to produce biopolymers with a suitable Mw.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-55
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biotechnology
Volume259
DOIs
StatePublished - 10 Oct 2017

Keywords

  • Azotobacter
  • Inoculum
  • Molecular mass
  • P3HB

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