Morphological, electrochemical and photoelectrochemical characterization of nanotubular TiO 2 synthetized electrochemically from different electrolytes

Diego P. Oyarzún, Ricardo Córdova, Omar E. Linarez Pérez, Eduardo Muñoz, Rodrigo Henríquez, Manuel López Teijelo, Humberto Gómez

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20 Scopus citations


The electrochemical synthesis of auto-organized TiO 2 arrays generated by Ti anodization in different non-aqueous electrolytes was analyzed. Propylene carbonate-based electrolytes seem to be good electrolytic media for the controlled growth of titania nanotube structures. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis indicated that, depending on the media employed in the synthesis of the TiO 2 nanotubes, different aspect ratios (length/diameter) could be obtained. Impedance analysis using the passive pit model gave the electrical properties of the layers during the different stages of nanotubes formation. Mott-Schottky analysis and the impedance results showed that the TiO 2 nanotubes layers were n-type semiconductors with highly defective walls on top of a resistive barrier layer. Photoelectrochemical measurements showed that tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin (TCPP) adsorbed onto the TiO 2 nanotube arrays, which could be employed as an efficient photosensitizer for solar-energy conversion by TCPP-sensitized nanotubular TiO 2 electrodes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2265-2275
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Solid State Electrochemistry
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Dye sensitizers
  • Impedance spectroscopy;
  • Semiconductors
  • Titania nanotubes


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