Multi-instrumental characterization of two red pigments in funerary archaeological contexts from northern Chile

Juan Pablo Ogalde, Bernardo Arriaza, Carolina Paipa, Patricio Leyton, Marcelo Campos-Vallette, Nelson Lara, Cristian Salas, Pedro Tapia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Analysis of two archaeological red pigments from two cities in northern Chile, Calama (Calama sample) and Iquique (Iquique sample) are reported in the current work. Scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (SEM-EDX), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and vibrational spectroscopy (IR and Raman) were used for structural studies. Hematite (α-Fe2O3) was the main component of the red color in both pigments. These are the first results reported for both sampled areas, helping thus to clarify the Calama funeral rites and the raw materials used for Chinchorro mummification in the Iquique region. The characterization of the raw materials provides information for future studies focused on hematite mining processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)875-880
Number of pages6
JournalInterciencia
Volume40
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2015
Externally publishedYes

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