Multiwavelength observations of a rich galaxy cluster at z ∼ 1: The HST/ACS colour - Magnitude diagram

J. S. Santos, P. Rosati, R. Gobat, C. Lidman, K. Dawson, S. Perlmutter, H. Böhringer, I. Balestra, C. R. Mullis, R. Fassbender, J. Kohnert, G. Lamer, A. Rettura, C. Rité, A. Schwope

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Abstract

Context. XMMU J1229+0151 is a rich galaxy cluster with redshift z = 0.975 that was serendipitously detected in X-rays within the scope of the XMM-Newton Distant Cluster Project. Both HST/ACS observations in the i775 and z850 passbands and VLT/FORS2 spectroscopy were obtained, in addition to follow-up Near-Infrared (NIR) imaging in the J- and Ks-bands with NTT/SOFI. Aims. We investigate the photometric, structural, and spectral properties of the early-type galaxies in the high-redshift cluster XMMU J1229+0151.Methods. Source detection and aperture photometry are performed in the optical and NIR imaging. Galaxy morphology is inspected visually and by means of Sersic profile fitting to the 21 spectroscopically confirmed cluster members in the ACS field of view. The i775 - z850 colour-magnitude relation (CMR) is derived with a method based on galaxy magnitudes obtained by fitting the surface brightness of the galaxies with Sersic models. Stellar masses and formation ages of the cluster galaxies are derived by fitting the observed spectral energy distributions (SED) with models developed by Bruzual & Charlot. Star-formation histories of the early-type galaxies are constrained by analysing the stacked spectrophotometric data.Results. The structural Sersic index n obtained by model fitting agrees with the visual morphological classification of the confirmed members, indicating a clear predominance of elliptical galaxies (15/21). The i775 - z850 colour-magnitude relation of the spectroscopic members shows a very tight red-sequence with a zero point of 0.86 ± 0.04 mag, and intrinsic scatter equal to 0.039 mag. The CMR obtained with the galaxy models has similar parameters. By fitting both the spectra and SED of the early-type population, we obtain a star-formation-weighted age of 4.3 Gyr for a median galaxy stellar-mass of 7.4 × 1010 MOdot;. Instead of identifying a brightest cluster galaxy (BCG) unambiguously, we find three bright galaxies with a similar z850 magnitude, which are, in addition, the most massive cluster members, with ∼2 1011 MOdot;. Our results strengthen the current evidence of a lack of significant evolution in both the scatter and slope of the red-sequence out to z ∼ 1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-60
Number of pages12
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume501
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Galaxies: clusters: individual: XMMU J1229+0151
  • Galaxies: evolution
  • Galaxies: high-redshift

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