Numerical characterization of the solid particle accumulation in a turbulent flow through curved pipes by means of stokes numbers

Santiago Henríquez Lira, María Josefina Torres, Rafael Guerra Silva, Jorge Zahr Viñuela

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The accumulation of particles in a turbulent flow of incompressible air with mono-dispersed solid particles inside a 90° pipe bend was simulated using ANSYS® Fluent (CFD), taking into account the effect of gravity, drag force and a bidirectional fluid-particle coupling. An analysis of the geometrical parameters and the structures of the secondary flow generated in a curved pipe (Dean vortices) was developed, thus determining the characteristic time scales of the flow. Four Stokes numbers (Stk) were formulated, whose values are calculated and studied from the numerical simulations performed. Two different particle sizes (d1 = 50 μm y d2 = 150 μm), at two different flow conditions (Re1 = 61,500 y Re2 = 173,972), and for three curvature ratios Rc/R = 1, 4 and 8 were studied. The flow was solved using a Eulerian-Lagrangian approach with a RNG k-ε turbulence model. Once the multiphase flow was solved and validated, the distribution and maximum particle concentration inside the 90° bend were presented. Additionally, the Stk numbers were calculated to estimate the possible particle concentration level for the different system configurations (dp, Re and Rc/R). It is concluded that, if all Stk numbers are less than one, relative concentration levels reach a minimum, while for Stk numbers larger than one, an increase in the maximum concentration inside the pipe bend was noticed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7381
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume11
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Aug 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Multiphase flow
  • Solid particle accumulation
  • Stokes number
  • Turbulent flow

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