On the derivation of a simple dynamic model of anaerobic digestion including the evolution of hydrogen

Giannina Giovannini, Mihaela Sbarciog, Jean Philippe Steyer, Rolando Chamy, Alain Vande Wouwer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Hydrogen has been found to be an important intermediate during anaerobic digestion (AD) and a key variable for process monitoring as it gives valuable information about the stability of the reactor. However, simple dynamic models describing the evolution of hydrogen are not commonplace. In this work, such a dynamic model is derived using a systematic data driven-approach, which consists of a principal component analysis to deduce the dimension of the minimal reaction subspace explaining the data, followed by an identification of the kinetic parameters in the least-squares sense. The procedure requires the availability of informative data sets. When the available data does not fulfill this condition, the model can still be built from simulated data, obtained using a detailed model such as ADM1. This dynamic model could be exploited in monitoring and control applications after a re-identification of the parameters using actual process data. As an example, the model is used in the framework of a control strategy, and is also fitted to experimental data from raw industrial wine processing wastewater.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-225
Number of pages17
JournalWater Research
StatePublished - 1 May 2018


  • Mathematical modeling
  • Parameter estimation
  • Principal component analysis
  • Sensitivity analysis


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