We consider the linear growth of matter perturbations in various dark energy (DE) models. We show the existence of a constraint valid at z = 0 between the background and dark energy parameters and the matter perturbations growth parameters. For ΛCDM γ0′ ≡ frac(d γ, d z) |0 lies in a very narrow interval - 0.0195 ≤ γ0′ ≤ - 0.0157 for 0.2 ≤ Ωm, 0 ≤ 0.35. Models with a constant equation of state inside General Relativity (GR) are characterized by a quasi-constant γ0′, for Ωm, 0 = 0.3 for example we have γ0′ ≈ - 0.02 while γ0 can have a nonnegligible variation. A smoothly varying equation of state inside GR does not produce either | γ0′ | > 0.02. A measurement of γ (z) on small redshifts could help discriminate between various DE models even if their γ0 is close, a possibility interesting for DE models outside GR for which a significant γ0′ can be obtained.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics|
|State||Published - 6 Mar 2008|