Open-Source Hardware in Education: A Systematic Mapping Study

Ruben Heradio, Jesus Chacon, Hector Vargas, Daniel Galan, Jacobo Saenz, Luis De La Torre, Sebastian Dormido

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


The open-source hardware movement is becoming increasingly popular due to the emergence of successful low-cost technologies, such as Arduino and Raspberry Pi, and thanks to the community of makers that actively share their creations to be freely studied, modified, and re-distributed. Numerous authors have proposed distinct ways to seize this approach for accomplishing a variety of learning goals: enabling scholars to explore scientific concepts, promoting students' creativity, helping them to be more fluent and expressive with new technologies, and so on. This paper reports a systematic mapping study that overviews the literature on open-source hardware in education by analyzing and classifying 676 publications. The results of our work provide: 1) guidance on the published material (identifying the most relevant papers, publication sources, institutions, and countries); 2) information about the pedagogical uses of open-source hardware (showing its main educational goals, stages, and topics where it is principally applied); and 3) directions for future research.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8537888
Pages (from-to)72094-72103
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Access
StatePublished - 2018


  • Educational technology
  • literature review
  • open-source hardware
  • systematic mapping study


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