Partial nitrification in a sequencing moving bed biofilm reactor (Smbbr) with zeolite as biomass carrier: Effect of sulfide pulses and organic matter presence

César Huiliñir, Vivian Fuentes, Carolina Estuardo, Christian Antileo, Ernesto Pino-Cortés

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This work aimed to achieve partial nitrification (PN) in a Sequencing Moving Bed Biofilm Reactor SMBBR with zeolite as a biomass carrier by using sulfide pulses in the presence of organic matter as an inhibitor. Two conditions were evaluated: sulfide (HS) = 5 mg S/L and vvm (air volume per liquid volume per minute, L of air L−1 of liquid min−1 ) = 0.1 (condition 1); and a HS = 10 mg S/L and a vvm = 0.5 (condition 2). The simultaneous effect of organic matter and sulfide was evaluated at a Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) = 350 mg/L and HS = 5 mg S/L, with a vvm = 0.5. As a result, using the sulfide pulse improved the nitrite accumulation in both systems. However, Total Ammonia Nitrogen (TAN) oxidation in both processes decreased by up to 60%. The simultaneous presence of COD and sulfide significantly reduced the TAN and nitrite oxidation, with a COD removal yield of 80% and sulfide oxidation close to 20%. Thus, the use of a sulfide pulse enabled PN in a SMBBR with zeolite. Organic matter, together with the sulfide pulse, almost completely inhibited the nitrification process despite using zeolite.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2484
JournalWater (Switzerland)
Volume13
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • AOB inhibition
  • NOB inhibition
  • Organic matter
  • Sulfide doses
  • Zeolite

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