Pollination: A key event controlling the expression of genes related to phytohormone biosynthesis during grapevine berry formation

Nathalie Kühn, Patricio Arce-Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Berry formation is the process of ovary conversion into a functional fruit, and is characterized by abrupt changes in the content of several phytohormones, associated with pollination and fertilization. Much effort has been made in order to improve our understanding of berry development, particularly from veraison to post-harvest time. However, the period of berry formation has been poorly investigated, despite its importance. Phytohormones are involved in the control of fruit formation; hence it is important to understand the regulation of their content at this stage. Grapevine is an excellent fleshy-fruit plant model since its fruits have particularities that differentiate them from those of commonly studied organisms. For instance, berries are prepared to cope with stress by producing several antioxidants and they are nonclimacteric fruits. Also its genome is fully sequenced, which allows to identify genes involved in developmental processes. In grapevine, no link has been established between pollination and phytohormone biosynthesis, until recently. Here we highlight relevant findings regarding pollination effect on gene expression related to phytohormone biosynthesis, and present results showing how quickly this effect is achieved.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPlant Signaling and Behavior
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anthesis
  • Berry formation
  • Fruit set
  • Grapevine
  • Parthenocarpy
  • Phytohormones
  • Pollination
  • Vitis vinifera
  • VvGA20ox
  • VvNCED1

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