Prediction of the Limiting Flux and Its Correlation with the Reynolds Number during the Microfiltration of Skim Milk Using an Improved Model

Carolina Astudillo-Castro, Andrés Cordova, Vinka Oyanedel-Craver, Carmen Soto-Maldonado, Pedro Valencia, Paola Henriquez, Rafael Jimenez-Flores

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Limiting flux (JL) determination is a critical issue for membrane processing. This work presents a modified exponential model for JL calculation, based on a previously published version. Our research focused on skim milk microfiltrations. The processing variables studied were the crossflow velocity (CFV), membrane hydraulic diameter (dh), temperature, and concentration factor, totaling 62 experimental runs. Results showed that, by adding a new parameter called minimum transmembrane pressure, the modified model not only improved the fit of the experimental data compared to the former version (R2 > 97.00%), but also revealed the existence of a minimum transmembrane pressure required to obtain flux (J). This result is observed as a small shift to the right on J versus transmembrane pressure curves, and this shift increases with the flow velocity. This fact was reported in other investigations, but so far has gone uninvestigated. The JL predicted values were correlated with the Reynolds number (Re) for each dh tested. Results showed that for a same Re; JL increased as dh decreased; in a wide range of Re within the turbulent regime. Finally, from dimensionless correlations; a unique expression JL = f (Re, dh) was obtained; predicting satisfactorily JL (R2 = 84.11%) for the whole set of experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1621
JournalFoods
Volume9
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ceramic membranes
  • Hydraulic diameter
  • Limiting flux
  • Microfiltration
  • Reynolds number
  • Skim milk

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