Quantum tunneling of massive spin-1 particles from non-stationary metrics

I. Sakalli, A. Övgün

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations


We focus on the HR of massive vector (spin-1) particles tunneling from Schwarzschild BH expressed in the Kruskal–Szekeres and dynamic Lemaitre coordinates. Using the Proca equation together with the Hamilton–Jacobi and the WKB methods, we show that the tunneling rate, and its consequence Hawking temperature are well recovered by the quantum tunneling of the massive vector particles.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalGeneral Relativity and Gravitation
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Hawking radiation
  • Massive vector particles
  • Proca equation
  • Quantum tunneling
  • Regular coordinates


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