Reduced isothermal feature set for long wave infrared (LWIR) face recognition

Ramiro Donoso, Cesar San Martín, Gabriel Hermosilla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


In this paper, we introduce a new concept in the thermal face recognition area: isothermal features. This consists of a feature vector built from a thermal signature that depends on the emission of the skin of the person and its temperature. A thermal signature is the appearance of the face to infrared sensors and is unique to each person. The infrared face is decomposed into isothermal regions that present the thermal features of the face. Each isothermal region is modeled as circles within a center representing the pixel of the image, and the feature vector is composed of a maximum radius of the circles at the isothermal region. This feature vector corresponds to the thermal signature of a person. The face recognition process is built using a modification of the Expectation Maximization (EM) algorithm in conjunction with a proposed probabilistic index to the classification process. Results obtained using an infrared database are compared with typical state-of-the-art techniques showing better performance, especially in uncontrolled acquisition conditions scenarios.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)114-123
Number of pages10
JournalInfrared Physics and Technology
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2017


  • Expectation Maximization (EM)
  • Face recognition
  • Isothermal imaging


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