Resveratrol-Schiff Base Hybrid Compounds with Selective Antibacterial Activity: Synthesis, Biological Activity, and Computational Study

Rodrigo Sánchez-González, Patricio Leyton, Luis F. Aguilar, Mauricio Reyna-Jeldes, Claudio Coddou, Katy Díaz, Marco Mellado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nowadays, antimicrobial resistance is a serious concern associated with the reduced efficacy of traditional antibiotics and an increased health burden worldwide. In response to this challenge, the scientific community is developing a new generation of antibacterial molecules. Contributing to this effort, and inspired by the resveratrol structure, five new resveratrol-dimers (9a–9e) and one resveratrol-monomer (10a) were synthetized using 2,5-dibromo-1,4-diaminobenzene (8) as the core compound for Schiff base bridge conformation. These compounds were evaluated in vitro against pathogenic clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus sp., and Listeria monocytogenes. Antibacterial activity measurements of resveratrol-Schiff base derivatives (9a–9e) and their precursors (4–8) showed high selectivity against Listeria monocytogenes, being 2.5 and 13.7 times more potent than chloramphenicol, while resveratrol showed an EC50 > 320 µg/mL on the same model. Moreover, a prospective mechanism of action for these compounds against L. monocytogenes strains was proposed using molecular docking analysis, finding a plausible inhibition of internalin C (InlC), a surface protein relevant in bacteria–host interaction. These results would allow for the future development of new molecules for listeriosis treatment based on compound 8.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1483
JournalMicroorganisms
Volume10
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Listeria monocytogenes
  • resveratrol
  • Schiff base
  • selectivity
  • virtual screening

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