Sap flow in 'Hass' avocado trees on two clonal rootstocks in relation to xylem anatomy

Claudia Fassio, Robert Heath, Mary Lu Arpaia, Monica Castro

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29 Scopus citations


The rates of sap flow and xylem vessel features were studied in two-year-old nongrafted and grafted avocado (Persea americana Mill.) trees. Daily sap flow rates were measured with heat and balance stem gauges in clonal Duke 7 (D7) and Toro Canyon (TC) trees and 'Hass' clonal scions grafted onto clonal D7 (H/D7) and TC (H/TC) rootstocks. Vessel features as size, number and total vessel area were determined histologically in the stem of the scion and rootstock and the roots of the grafted trees. Significant differences in the sap flow rate were found among the rootstocks, where D7 had a 29% higher sap flow rate than did TC (grafted and nongrafted trees). There were no differences among xylem vessel features in the stems of any of the varieties. However in the roots, D7 had wider and fewer vessels then TC do. Also, D7 had a 19% higher total vessel area than TC. These results suggest that the differences in water consumption of 'Hass' on different rootstocks may be associated with differences in the efficiency of the roots to absorb water across conductive tissue which may be linked to differences in the area of xylem vessels in the root.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-13
Number of pages6
JournalScientia Horticulturae
Issue number1
StatePublished - 3 Mar 2009


  • Clonal rootstock
  • Persea americana
  • Root anatomy
  • Sap flow
  • Xylem vessel


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