Screening of edible oils for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons using microwave-assisted liquid-liquid and solid phase extraction coupled to one- to three-way fluorescence spectroscopy analysis

Francis Alarcón, María E. Báez, MANUEL ANDRES BRAVO MERCADO, Pablo Richter, Edwar Fuentes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The potential of microwave-assisted liquid-liquid and solid phase extraction coupled with fluorescence spectroscopy and employing one- to three-way spectral data was assessed in terms of their capacity for the rapid detection of heavy polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in olive and sunflower oils. Tocopherols and pigments groups (chlorophyll and pheophytin) present in oil matrices were the main interference compounds in the detection of PAHs using fluorescence spectroscopy. Partial spectral overlap and inner-filter effects were observed in the emission range of the analytes. The effectiveness of removing these interferences using solid phase extraction (silica, C18 and graphitized carbon black) was examined. Solid phase extraction with silica was the most effective method for the removal of pigments and tocopherol and allowed for the detection of PAHs in edible oils using fluorescence spectroscopy. The limit of detection was observed to depend on the use of one-, two- or three-way fluorescence spectral data in the range of 0.8 to 7.0 μg kg-1. The individual recoveries of PAHs following the microwave-assisted L-L extraction and SPE with silica were assessed using HPLC-FD with satisfactory results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)439-446
Number of pages8
JournalTalanta
Volume100
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Oct 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Edible oil
  • Fluorescence spectroscopy
  • PAHs
  • Sample treatment methods
  • Screening

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