Searching for the Sources of Excess Extragalactic Dispersion of FRBs

Sunil Simha, Khee Gan Lee, J. Xavier Prochaska, Ilya S. Khrykin, Yuxin Huang, Nicolas Tejos, Lachlan Marnoch, Metin Ata, Lucas Bernales, Shivani Bhandari, Jeff Cooke, Adam T. Deller, Stuart D. Ryder, Jielai Zhang

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2 Scopus citations


The FLIMFLAM survey is collecting spectroscopic data of field galaxies near fast radio burst (FRB) sight lines to constrain key parameters describing the distribution of matter in the Universe. In this work, we leverage the survey data to determine the source of the excess extragalactic dispersion measure (DM), compared to Macquart relation estimates of four FRBs: FRB20190714A, FRB20200906A, FRB20200430A, and FRB20210117A. By modeling the gas distribution around the foreground galaxy halos and galaxy groups of the sight lines, we estimate DMhalos, their contribution to the FRB DMs. The FRB20190714A sight line shows a clear excess of foreground halos which contribute roughly two-thirds of the observed excess DM, thus implying a sight line that is baryon dense. FRB20200906A shows a smaller but nonnegligible foreground halo contribution, and further analysis of the intergalactic medium is necessary to ascertain the true cosmic contribution to its DM. FRB20200430A and FRB20210117A show negligible foreground contributions, implying a large host galaxy excess and/or progenitor environment excess.

Original languageEnglish
Article number71
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2023


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