Sedentary behaviour profiles and longitudinal associations with academic performance in youth: The UP&DOWN study

David Sánchez-Oliva, Rebecca M. Leech, Irene Esteban-Cornejo, Carlos Cristi-Montero, Alejandro Pérez-Bey, Verónica Cabanas-Sánchez, Alberto Grao-Cruces, José Castro-Piñero

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1 Scopus citations


The current study evaluated longitudinal associations between profile transitions of context-specific sedentary behaviour (SB) and changes in academic performance (AP) among school-aged youth. Participants were 466 children and 717 adolescents (50.8% males) aged 8–18 years (children = 7.92 ± 0.41 years; adolescents = 11.85 ± 1.53 years). Non-school SBs and AP were evaluated at baseline and two years later. General linear mixed models were implemented, controlling for age, region, parental education, body mass index, and cardiorespiratory fitness. Cross-sectionally, participants with an Educative-profile (i.e., highest scores in doing homework with/without computer and reading for fun) had higher AP when compared to other profiles. Longitudinally, males who changed from a Screen- to an Educative-profile had higher AP than males who changed from an Educative- to a Social- or Screen-SB profile (p < 0.01). No significant differences were found in females. These findings show the importance of analysing SB patterns from a qualitative perspective (i.e., context-specific for boosting school children AP) and highlighting time spent in educative as the most positive for AP, as well the need to implement interventions to reduce time on screen and social behaviours, especially targeting males.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-189
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2023


  • Sedentary patterns
  • academic achievement
  • latent transition analysis
  • youth


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