Preclinical studies indicate that selegiline (deprenyl), frequently used in some neurodegenerative diseases, exert protective effects on central nervous system neurons of individuals exposed to social isolation (SI). Furthermore, it has been suggested that SI produces neuronal dysfunction due in part to an excessive intracellular Ca2+ overload. Since the main intracellular Ca2+ buffering mechanism involves changes in the calcium-binding protein calbindin-D28k (CB), and that CB neuronal expression can increase in response to Ca2+ transients, we hypothesized that chronic selegiline administration in early socially isolated animals could minimize cell CB expression as an indirect indicator of protective mechanism against Ca2+ overload. In the present study male rats were weaned at postnatal day 21 (P21) and randomly assigned to social deprivation (SI) or control (SC) environments for 30 days (P21-51). SI animals were further subdivided in two experimental groups: socially deprived-saline (SI-SAL) and socially isolated-selegiline (SI-SEL) for additional 30 days (P52-82). Medial frontal CB immunoreactivity (CB-ir) neurons were quantitatively and qualitatively analyzed. The results obtained indicate that neocortical cells of adult rats submitted to early SI show a significant increase in the number of CB-ir neurons per cortical field, while selegiline treatment significantly reduces this parameter.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience|
|State||Published - 1 Apr 2013|
- Cortical neurons
- Social deprivation