Renin synthesis and secretion by principal cells of the collecting duct are enhanced in angiotensin (Ang) II-dependent hypertension. The presence of renin/(pro)renin and its receptor, the (pro)renin receptor ([P]RR), in the collecting duct may provide a pathway for Ang I generation with further conversion to Ang II. To assess whether (P)RR activation occurs during Ang II-dependent hypertension, we examined renal (P)RR levels and soluble (P)RR excretion in the urine of chronic Ang II-infused rats (80 ng/min; for 2 weeks; n=10) and sham-operated rats (n=10). Systolic blood pressure and Ang II levels in the plasma and kidney were increased whereas plasma renin activity was suppressed in Ang II-infused rats. Renal (P)RR transcripts were upregulated in the cortex and medulla of Ang II-infused rats. (P)RR immunoreactivity in collecting duct cells and the protein levels of the full-length form (37-kDa band) were significantly decreased in the medulla of Ang II-infused rats. The soluble (P)RR (28-kDa band) was detected in the renal medulla and urine samples of Ang II-infused rats, which also showed increases in urinary renin content. To determine whether the soluble (P)RR could stimulate Ang I formation, urine samples were incubated with recombinant human (pro)renin. Urine samples of Ang II-infused rats exhibited increased Ang I formation compared with sham-operated rats. Thus, in chronic Ang II-infused rats, the catalytic activity of the augmented renin produced in the collecting duct may be enhanced by the intraluminal soluble (P)RR and cell-surface located (P)RR, thus contributing to enhanced intratubular Ang II formation.
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Apr 2011|
- Ang II- dependent hypertension
- collecting duct renin
- intrarenal renin-angiotensin system
- intratubular RAS