Somatotipo y capacidad intelectual (Prueba de matrices progresivas de raven) en escolares Chilenos

Translated title of the contribution: Somatotype and intellectual ability (Raven progressive matrices test) in Chilean school-age children

Liliana U. Tapia, PABLO JOSE LIZANA ARCE, Yasna Z. Orellana, Francisca S. Villagrán, Vanessa F. Arias, Atilio F. Almagià, Raquel A. Burrows, Daniza M. Ivanovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between somatotype and intellectual ability (IA) in 11-12 and 15-16 year-old students (n = 1,015) in the Chile's Metropolitan Region from a representative sample of 33 educational establishments chosen at random. Methods: The Heath-Carter somatotype and the IA assessed through the Raven Progressive Matrices Test were measured. Results: The endomorph was observed in 59% of the students; 28% had a mesomorph and 13% ectomorph. The IA was distributed in: 11.2% Grade I, 26.8% Grade II, 41% Grade III, 17.6% Grade IV and 3.2% Grade V. A positive and significant correlation of IA with the endomorphic component (r = 0.074, p = 0.02) was found in the total sample and only in females (r = 0.109, p = 0.02); at the same time, a positive and significant correlation with the ectomorph component was also observed (r = 0.067, p < 0.05). Conclusions: This suggests that other variables would influence more strongly the IA for which further research is needed to quantitate this multifactorial problem.

Translated title of the contributionSomatotype and intellectual ability (Raven progressive matrices test) in Chilean school-age children
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)1552-1557
Number of pages6
JournalNutricion Hospitalaria
Volume28
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Nov 2013

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