Study on anisotropic stars in the framework of Rastall gravity

Piyali Bhar, Francisco Tello-Ortiz, ANGEL RINCON RIVERO, Y. Gomez-Leyton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

We investigate the existence of high dense compact objects in the light of Rastall gravity theory. The material content is driven by an imperfect fluid distribution and the inner geometry is described by the Tolman–Kuchowicz space–time. The validity of the obtained model is checked by studying the main salient features such as energy–density, radial and tangential pressures and anisotropy factor. Since Einstein gravity theory shares the same vacuum solution with Rastall gravity theory, the interior geometry is joining in a smoothly way with the exterior Schwarzschild’s solution. The equilibrium of the model under different gradients is analyzed by using the modified hydrostatic equilibrium equation, containing the so–called Rastall gradient. The compact structure has a positive anisotropy factor which enhances the balance and stability mechanisms. To check the potentially stable behavior, we employ Abreu’s and adiabatic index criterion. It was found that the model is completely stable. The incidence of the Rastall’s parameter γ on all the physical quantities that characterize the model is described by the help of graphical analysis. Concerning the γ spectrum we have considered 0.3142 ≤ γ≤ 0.3157. All the results are compared with the general relativity case.

Original languageEnglish
Article number145
JournalAstrophysics and Space Science
Volume365
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anisotropy
  • Compact stars
  • Equation of state
  • Exact solution
  • General relativity

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