Sulfide-oxidizing bacteria establishment in an innovative microaerobic reactor with an internal silicone membrane for sulfur recovery from wastewater

F. Valdés, P. R. Camiloti, R. P. Rodriguez, T. P. Delforno, J. Carrillo-Reyes, M. Zaiat, DAVID ALEJANDRO JEISON NUÑEZ

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10 Scopus citations

Abstract

A novel bioreactor, employing a silicone membrane for microaeration, was studied for partial sulfide oxidation to elemental sulfur. The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of using an internal silicone membrane reactor (ISMR) to treat dissolved sulfide and to characterize its microbial community. The ISMR is an effective system to eliminate sulfide produced in anaerobic reactors. Sulfide removal efficiencies reached 96 % in a combined anaerobic/microaerobic reactor and significant sulfate production did not occur. The oxygen transfer was strongly influenced by air pressure and flow. Pyrosequencing analysis indicated various sulfide-oxidizing bacteria (SOB) affiliated to the species Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans, Sulfuricurvum kujiense and Pseudomonas stutzeri attached to the membrane and also indicated similarity between the biomass deposited on the membrane wall and the biomass drawn from the material support, supported the establishment of SOB in an anaerobic sludge under microaerobic conditions. Furthermore, these results showed that the reactor configuration can develop SOB under microaerobic conditions and can improve and reestablish the sulfide conversion to elemental sulfur.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-130
Number of pages12
JournalBiodegradation
Volume27
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2016

Keywords

  • Elemental sulfur
  • Microaeration
  • Silicone membrane
  • Sulfide oxidation
  • Sulfide-oxidizing bacteria

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