Swept-source OCT in patients with multiple evanescent white dot syndrome

Felipe Pereira, Luiz H. Lima, Alexandre Gomes B. de Azevedo, CLAUDIO MAURICIO ZETT LOBOS, Michel E. Farah, Rubens Belfort

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) has a higher scanning rate and longer wavelength in comparison with spectral-domain OCT (SD-OCT), allowing an improved imaging of retinal vascular plexuses and choriocapillaris. The present two patients diagnosed with multiple evanescent white dot syndrome (MEWDS) underwent fundus autofluorescence (FAF), en-face SS-OCT, and SS-OCT angiography (OCTA) imaging, and its features were described and correlated. Results: The clinical and imaging findings of both cases were consistent with the diagnosis of MEWDS. Color fundus photograph revealed subtle deep retinal white spots in the posterior pole and around the optic disk. FAF showed several hyperautofluorescent lesions corresponding topographically to the subtle deep retinal white lesions observed on color fundus photographs. Cross-sectional SS-OCT showed disruption of the ellipsoid zone (EZ) within the macular area in all study patients. En-face SS-OCT at the level of the outer retina showed lower reflectivity correspondent to the diffuse attenuation due to the EZ disruption on cross-sectional OCT. SS-OCTA demonstrated flow preservation within the retinal vasculature and choriocapillaris. Conclusions: SS-OCT imaging allows a better visualization of the choriocapillaris, and its normal appearance in MEWDS may suggest that the outer retina and photoreceptors represent the primary site of inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number16
JournalJournal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Choriocapillaris
  • MEWDS
  • Outer retina
  • Swept-source OCT

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