A novel series of 6-O-substituted 8a-aza-8a-homoerythromycin A 3-O-acylides has been discovered with potent activity against key respiratory pathogens, including those inducibly and constitutively resistant to erythromycin. The best compounds in this series 15na and 15nd showed activity comparable to telithromycin, especially against Haemophilus influenzae and constitutively MLSB-resistant strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Streptococcus pyogenes. Furthermore, 15na exhibited a number of drug-like attributes including favorable pharmacokinetic properties and in vivo efficacy. For instance, 15na exhibited good oral bioavailability (average F = 42%) and demonstrated in vivo efficacy superior to telithromycin (1) against erythromycin-susceptible S. pneumoniae. As such, 15na has a significant potential for further development of this novel macrolide antibiotics class.
- Antibacterial activity
- Heck reaction
- Macrolide antibiotics
- Macrolide resistance
- Structure-activity relationships