Teachers victimizing students: Contributions of student-to-teacher victimization, peer victimization, school safety, and school climate in Chile

VERONICA ALEJANDRA LOPEZ LEIVA, Rami Benbenishty, Ron Avi Astor, Paula Ascorra, Luis González

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although most of the school violence literature is focused on peer victimization, interest is growing in teachers being victimized by their students. However, there is far less interest in students being victimized by their teachers, patterns of mutual victimization, and how they are associated with other school factors. Using the conceptual framework of school violence in evolving contexts, the present study examined teacher-to-student victimization in Chile and tested, for the first time, the associations of student-to-teacher victimization, peer victimization, school safety, classroom climate, and school climate at the individual and school levels. The sample consisted of 50,344 students (51.6% female) in Grades 5-8 in 431 schools in Chilean public-funded schools. Findings indicated that verbal types of teacher-student mutual victimization were more prevalent than physical and sexual victimization. Teacher-to-student victimization was higher among male and younger students. Multilevel analyses showed that student-to-teacher victimization, school safety, classroom climate, and school climate were associated with teacher-to-student victimization. We discuss the need for whole-school approaches that enhance social and academic support from teachers to reduce mutual forms of victimization and suggest a public health approach that places the school in the center.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)432-444
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthopsychiatry
Volume90
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • School violence
  • Students
  • Teachers
  • Victimization

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