Techno-economic and life-cycle assessments of small-scale biorefineries for isobutene and xylo-oligosaccharides production: a comparative study in Portugal and Chile

Tiago F. Lopes, Florbela Carvalheiro, Luís C. Duarte, Francisco Gírio, Julián A. Quintero, Germán Aroca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

This work presents a comparative simulation study involving the techno-economic and environmental assessment of lignocellulosic-based small-scale biorefineries, integrated with a piggery waste-based anaerobic digestion platform (ADB), located in Portugal and Chile. Two main products are obtained: isobutene and xylo-oligosaccharides (XOS). The bioproduction of isobutene using a genetically engineered organism (Escherichia coli), coupled with the removal and purification of high added-value XOS, obtained after a feedstock hydrothermal pre-treatment, was evaluated. Two lignocellulosic agricultural wastes were used: corn stover in the Portuguese case study and wheat straw in Chilean case study. Both processes were simulated using the Aspen Plus modeling software tool, while the Aspen Process Economic Analyzer was used to carry out the economic evaluation. The simulation results were validated with experimental data from the laboratory and the literature. An economic assessment was performed considering the different locations of both biorefineries. A life-cycle analysis (LCA) was also applied to evaluate the differences in environmental impacts on both locations. The results showed that the isobutene / XOS biorefinery concept was economically viable in both Portugal and Chile, mainly due to the high market value of XOS. The biorefinery has lower production costs for isobutene and XOS (1 US$/kg of isobutene and 1.18 US$/kg of XOS) when located in Portugal, as compared with Chile (1.14 US$/kg of isobutene and 1.56 US$/kg of XOS). Conversely, it leads to less environmental impact when located in Chile: 48.8 kgCO2eq./GJisobutene, in comparison to 60.7 kgCO2eq./GJisobutene in Portugal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1321-1332
Number of pages12
JournalBiofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining
Volume13
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • LCA
  • XOS
  • advanced biofuels
  • biorefineries
  • isobutene
  • process simulation

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