Testing a 5g communication system: Kriging-aided o2i path loss modeling based on 3.5 ghz measurement analysis

Melissa Eugenia Diago-Mosquera, Alejandro Aragón-Zavala, Mauricio Rodriguez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Deep knowledge of how radio waves behave in a practical wireless channel is required for the effective planning and deployment of radio access networks in outdoor-to-indoor (O2I) environments. Using more than 400 non-line-of-sight (NLOS) radio measurements at 3.5 GHz, this study analyzes and validates a novel O2I measurement-based path loss prediction narrowband model that characterizes and estimates shadowing through Kriging techniques. The prediction results of the developed model are compared with those of the most traditional assumption of slow fading as a random variable: COST231, WINNER+, ITU-R, 3GPP urban microcell O2I models and field measured data. The results showed and guaranteed that the predicted path loss accuracy, expressed in terms of the mean error, standard deviation and root mean square error (RMSE) was significantly better with the proposed model; it considerably decreased the average error for both scenarios under evaluation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6716
JournalSensors
Volume21
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Oct 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Kriging
  • Outdoor-to-indoor (O2I)
  • Path loss
  • Radio propagation
  • Shadowing

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