The CGM2Survey: Circumgalactic O vi from Dwarf to Massive Star-forming Galaxies

Kirill Tchernyshyov, Jessica K. Werk, Matthew C. Wilde, J. Xavier Prochaska, Todd M. Tripp, Joseph N. Burchett, Rongmon Bordoloi, J. Christopher Howk, Nicolas Lehner, John M. O'Meara, Nicolas Tejos, Jason Tumlinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We combine 126 new galaxy-O vi absorber pairs from the CGM2 survey with 123 pairs drawn from the literature to examine the simultaneous dependence of the column density of O vi absorbers (N O VI) on galaxy stellar mass, star-formation rate, and impact parameter. The combined sample consists of 249 galaxy-O vi absorber pairs covering z = 0-0.6, with host galaxy stellar masses M ∗ = 107.8-1011.2 M o˙ and galaxy-absorber impact parameters R ⊥ = 0-400 proper kiloparsecs. In this work, we focus on the variation of N O VI with galaxy mass and impact parameter among the star-forming galaxies in the sample. We find that the average N O VI within one virial radius of a star-forming galaxy is greatest for star-forming galaxies with M ∗ = 109.2-1010 M o˙. Star-forming galaxies with M ∗ between 108 and 1011.2 M o˙ can explain most O vi systems with column densities greater than 1013.5 cm-2. Sixty percent of the O vi mass associated with a star-forming galaxy is found within one virial radius, and 35% is found between one and two virial radii. In general, we find that some departure from hydrostatic equilibrium in the CGM is necessary to reproduce the observed O vi amount, galaxy mass dependence, and extent. Our measurements serve as a test set for CGM models over a broad range of host galaxy masses.

Original languageEnglish
Article number147
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume927
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2022
Externally publishedYes

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