Thermal hydrolysis is a common pre-treatment, used before anaerobic digestion processes, to enhance the hydrolysis rate. However, formation of inhibitory compounds and the increase of liquid fraction colour have been identified as potential drawbacks. This study was oriented to study the methane production from simple substrates, subjected to thermal hydrolysis. A mixture of glycine and glucose at different concentrations was prepared, at a ratio similar to proteins and carbohydrates found in activated sludge. Two temperatures were tested. At 120 °C a decrease on biogas production rate was observed. On the other hand, at 165 °C generation of recalcitrant material was observed, causing a decrease in methane potential and COD degradation, when a mixture of glycine and glucose was used as substrate. This was atributed to the formation of recalcitrant compounds via Maillard reaction, hyphothesis supported by FTIR-ATR, which indicated the formation of amide II Bonds.
- Anaerobic digestion
- Thermal hydrolysis