Trypanosoma cruzi over the ocean: Insular zones of Chile with presence of infected vector Mepraia species

Ninette Rives-Blanchard, Fernando Torres-Pérez, Silvia Ortiz, Aldo Solari, Ricardo Campos-Soto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chagas disease is one of the main zoonosis mediated by vectors in America. The etiologic agent Trypanosoma cruzi infects different mammals and is transmitted principally by the subfamily Triatominae. Mepraia is a genus endemic to Chile, responsible for transmitting T. cruzi in the sylvatic cycle. Mepraia includes three species: M. gajardoi and M. parapatrica inhabit coastal areas, while M. spinolai inhabits coastal and interior valleys. Previous studies reported the occurrence of Mepraia in Pan de Azucar Island, currently classified as M. parapatrica, but T. cruzi has not been reported in these insects. It is suggested that this could be due to infrequent insect feeding on mammalian hosts. In order to detect T. cruzi in insects from coastal islands, specimens from Pan de Azucar and Santa Maria Islands were examined. A region of kDNA of T. cruzi was amplified by PCR and hybridization assays were performed for T. cruzi genotyping of insect feces. The presence of infected insect and mixed T. cruzi infections was demonstrated. This is the first report of infected Triatominae in coastal islands in Chile. We discuss T. cruzi detection in insular zones, and the presumptive reservoirs that may participate in maintaining its transmission cycle in this habitat. Mixed and unidentified infections suggest that there are complex and unknown reservoir interactions in these habitats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-231
Number of pages3
JournalActa Tropica
Volume172
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Insular zones
  • Island vectors
  • Mepraia gajardoi
  • Mepraia parapatrica
  • Trypanosoma cruz

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