Native whey obtained during casein micelle microfiltration was used as a novel source to produce galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS). Since the presence of macromolecules and other interferers reduces biocatalyst performance, this work evaluated the effect of different ultrasound processing conditions on GOS synthesis using concentrated native whey. Ultrasonic intensities (UI) below 11 W/cm2 tended to increase the activity in the enzyme from Aspergillus oryzae for several minutes but accelerated the inactivation in that from Kluyveromyces lactis. At 40 °C, 40 % w/w native whey, 70 % wave amplitude, and 0.6 s/s duty-cycle, a UI of 30 W/cm2 was achieved, and the increased specific enzyme productivity was similar to the values obtained with pure lactose (∼0.136 g GOS/h/mgE). This strategy allows for obtaining a product containing prebiotics with the healthy and functional properties of whey proteins, avoiding the required purification steps used in the production of food-grade lactose.
- Native whey