User experience factors for people with autism spectrum disorder

Katherine Valencia, Cristian Rusu, Federico Botella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a condition characterized by difficulties with social interaction and communication. Studies show that people with ASD tend to enjoy using technology, as it provides them with a safe and trustworthy environment. Evaluating User eXperience (UX) in people with disabilities has been a challenge that studies have addressed in recent times. Several studies have evaluated the usability and UX of systems designed for people with ASD using evaluation methods focused on end users without disabilities. In reviewing studies that evaluate systems designed for people with ASD, considering the characteristics of these users, we discovered a lack of particularized UX models. We present a proposal of nine UX factors for people with ASD based on two approaches: (1) the characteristics, affinities, and needs of people with ASD, and (2) design guidelines and/or recommendations provided in studies on technological systems for people with ASD and/or interventions with these users. The nine UX factors for people with ASD provide a theoretical basis from which to adapt and/or create UX evaluation instruments and methods and to generate recommendations and/or design guidelines that are adequate for this context.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10469
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number21
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2021


  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • User experience
  • User experience attributes
  • User experience factors
  • User experience models


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