Using multimodal learning analytics to study collaboration on discussion groups: A social network approach

Fabian Riquelme, Roberto Munoz, Roberto Mac Lean, RODOLFO HUMBERTO VILLARROEL ACEVEDO, Thiago S. Barcelos, Victor Hugo C. de Albuquerque

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nowadays, companies and organizations require highly competitive professionals that have the necessary skills to confront new challenges. However, current evaluation techniques do not allow detection of skills that are valuable in the work environment, such as collaboration, teamwork, and effective communication. Multimodal learning analytics is a prominent discipline related to the analysis of several modalities of natural communication (e.g., speech, writing, gestures, sight) during educational processes. The main aim of this work is to develop a computational environment to both analyze and visualize student discussion groups working in a collaborative way to accomplish a task. ReSpeaker devices were used to collect speech data from students, and the collected data were modeled by using influence graphs. Three centrality measures were defined, namely permanence, persistence, and prompting, to measure the activity of each student and the influence exerted between them. As a proof of concept, we carried out a case study made up of 11 groups of undergraduate students that had to solve an engineering problem with everyday materials. Thus, we show that our system allows to find and visualize nontrivial information regarding interrelations between subjects in collaborative working groups; moreover, this information can help to support complex decision-making processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)633-643
Number of pages11
JournalUniversal Access in the Information Society
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2019

Keywords

  • Collaboration
  • Influence graphs
  • Multimodal learning analytics
  • Social networks

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