UVR and PAR absorbing compounds of marine brown macroalgae along a latitudinal gradient of the Brazilian coast

Caroline Schmitz, Fernanda Ramlov, Leidson Allan Ferreira de Lucena, VIRGILIO GAVICHO UARROTA , Manuela Bernardes Batista, Marina Nasri Sissini, Iara Oliveira, Bruno Briani, Cintia D.L. Martins, José Marcos de Castro Nunes, Leonardo Rörig, Paulo Antunes Horta, Félix L. Figueroa, Nathalie Korbee, Marcelo Maraschin, José Bonomi-Barufi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Absorption spectra are indicative of biological sample chemical composition and can be used as a basis for the construction of descriptive and predictive models for biotechnological screening or assays. In marine algae, chemical composition can vary due to species-specific differences in biochemistry, as well as intra-specific responses to unique environmental variables. Different indices (UVCi, UVB + Ai and PARi) were proposed and calculated to evaluate how photoprotective compounds vary in 18 species of Phaeophyceae. In addition, they were correlated to abiotic factors. Through this technique, seven main peaks were detected in the absorbing spectra of marine brown algal extracts. The highest photoprotective indices values were found in species collected in tropical areas, where higher solar radiation is observed compared to the southern Brazilian coast. Considering additional abiotic factors, water temperature and nitrate concentration were negatively correlated with UV indices. PARi's indices were positively affected by nitrate. All species collected on the Brazilian coast have absorption peaks in the region of phenolic compounds and carotenoids, suggesting that tropical marine brown macroalgae may have developed an effective antioxidant defense system, suggesting adaptation to environments characterized by high solar radiation. UVR/PAR indices congregated essential information to possible future biotechnological screening, facilitating selection of high priority species or sites, fostering actions to enhance alternative sustainable management strategies of coastal environments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-174
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology
Volume178
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Brown algae
  • Radiation
  • Screening
  • Spectrophotometer
  • UV–VIS

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