Visible-light photocatalytic degradation of aniline blue by stainless-steel foam coated with tio2 grafted with anthocyanins from a maqui-blackberry system

DREIDY MERCEDES VASQUEZ SANDOVAL, Francisca Palominos, Sebastián Martínez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Anthocyanins from maqui (Aristotelia chilensis) and blackberry (Rubus glaucus) were used as light harvesters to improve the photocatalytic activity of titanium dioxide in visible light. Anthocyanins from both species were obtained using high-frequency ultrasound-assisted liquid-liquid extraction with methanol. Mixtures of anthocyanins were developed to study their effectiveness in the visible light/TiO2 reaction for the oxidation of aniline blue. For this purpose, stainless-steel foams were covered with TiO2 and anthocyanin and characterized by SEM. Different samples were fabricated by varying the ratio of the two anthocyanins in the mixture (100, 75, 50, 25 and 0 vol% of maqui-anthocyanin (delphinidin)). The mixtures of 25 vol% anthocyanin from maqui and 75 vol% anthocyanin from blackberry had higher total anthocyanin content and better photocatalytic activity in visible light: degradation of aniline blue was 40% at pH 7, 56% at pH 3 and 95% at pH 3 with the injection of oxygen for 2 h in comparison with TiO2-foam/UV light, which yielded values of 13% at pH 7 and 73% at pH 3 with and without the addition of oxygen. Natural dyes that are low-cost and environmentally friendly substances are shown to be capable of improving the visible-light photocatalytic activity of TiO2 .

Original languageEnglish
Article number1245
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Aniline blue
  • Anthocyanins
  • Blackberry
  • Maqui
  • Titanium dioxide
  • Visible light photocatalysis


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