Características antropométricas, composición corporal y somatotipo de marchistas panamericanos de élite 20k

Omar Espinoza-Navarro, PABLO JOSE LIZANA ARCE, A. Gómez-Bruton, L. Brito-Hernández, C. Lagos-Olivos

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

1 Cita (Scopus)

Resumen

The anthropometric and somatotype evaluation is an essential tool in the selection and control of high-performance athletes. The aim of this study was to describe the somatotype and body composition of male elite race walkers (20 k modality), and its relationship with athletic performance. Twenty-four race walkers participated in this study. The sample was divided into two groups: the race walkers with the best performance (upper 25 percentile; n=7) and the second group (n=17) that corresponds to the rest of the participants. Weight (kg), height (cm), seven skinfolds, two diameters and five perimeters were measured. Body fat percentage (BF%) were estimated with the Yuhasz formula, and the somatotype was used applying the Heath-Carter method. The best performing athletes were taller (178.3 ± 4.4 cm vs. 173.7 ± 5.6 cm, p <0.05) and showed a greater ectomorphic component (p<0.05) than the rest of the participants. The somatotype of the best performance athletes was 2.2-2.8-4.1 against the 2.5-3.8-2.9 of the lowest performing athletes. The average time (hours, minute, seconds) of execution of the race in athletes of better performances was 1:22:40, in comparison with the athletes of lower performances with 1:32:41 (p<0.02). The ectomorphic component and height are morphological characteristics that can determine athletic performance of race walkers. It is suggested to consider these factors in the selection of the race walkers.

Título traducido de la contribuciónAnthropometric characteristics, body composition and somatotype of elite pan-american race walking 20K
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)1220-1225
Número de páginas6
PublicaciónInternational Journal of Morphology
Volumen37
N.º4
DOI
EstadoPublicada - dic. 2019
Publicado de forma externa

Palabras clave

  • Anthropometry
  • Athletics
  • Ectomorphy
  • Race walking
  • Somatotype

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