Condiciones ambientales asociadas a la estructura de tallas y capturas de pez espada frente a Chile

Eleuterio Yáñez, Claudio Silva, M. Angela Barbieri, Alejandra Órdenes, Rodrigo Vega

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

7 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Multivariate analyses were applied to explore the relative influence of environmental factors on swordfish (Xiphias gladius) size compositions and catches off Chile. A first analysis was applied to a commercial fishing data base made up of biological-fishery and environmental records from 343 fishing sets performed between 2000 and 2002 by two longline vessels. Furthermore, a data base of fishing research cruises over the Cordillera de Nazca was analyzed; this set consisted of biological-fishery and environmental satellite information recorded for 43 fishing sets done in summer and winter 2003 and autumn and spring 2005. Principal component and hierarchical classification analyses were applied to seven environmental variables (Latitude, Longitude, Sea surface temperature, Chlorophyll a concentration, Sea surface height, Sea surface salinity, Bathymetry), all of which may affect the distribution of swordfish size compositions and catches. The analyses indicate four spatial groups representing specific latitudinal locations and typologies of environmental conditions associated with the swordfish size compositions and catches in the study area. Swordfish were caught within a range of SST that varied from 16 to 22°C, with larger catches given smaller SSTs, greater chlorophyll concentrations, and higher latitudes. A latitudinal gradient in size composition is affirmed, with juvenile specimens associated with warmer conditions, greater salinity, lower chlorophyll concentrations, and lower latitudes. The geographic distribution of the recruitment zone is associated with the Cordillera de Nazca marine area.

Título traducido de la contribuciónEnvironmental conditions associated with swordfish size compositions and catches off the Chilean coast
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)71-81
Número de páginas11
PublicaciónLatin American Journal of Aquatic Research
Volumen37
N.º1
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2009
Publicado de forma externa

Palabras clave

  • Chile
  • Environmental conditions
  • Multivariate analysis
  • Swordfish

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