Discriminación de variables ambientales que influencian la captura por unidad de esfuerzo: El caso de la pesquería de krill antártico

Juan Carlos Quiroz, Rodrigo Wiff, Mauricio A. Barrientos, Francisco Contreras

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

The use of the catch per unit effort (CPUE) as an index of abundance usually requires a standardization process consisting of isolating all those exogenous factors from temporal variations in abundance from the CPUE time-series. These exogenous factors include those generated by modifications in fishery vessel efficiency, variations in fishing strategies, and environmental fluctuations. The selection of the latter has been considered to be one of the most difficult, arbitrary, and poorly documented stages since the environmental effects vary on different temporal scales in autocorrelated and non-random manners, influencing the CPUE through a cause-effect process. Transfer function models (TFM) were constructed to describe statistically the cause-effect relationship between two time-series and herein we propose that TFM are a valid tool for: i) discriminating environmental effects that influence the CPUE and ii) describing how these effects should be included in a generalized lineal model (GLM). We analyzed the Antarctic krill CPUE from August 1989 to July 1999, and as possible causal effects, the Antarctic Oscillation Index (AOI) and atmospheric pressure at sea level (APSL). TFM shows that the APSL, with an annual lag (APSL12), influences the CPUE of Antarctic krill, whereas the AOI did not have a significant effect. The use of APSL12 in the GLM increased the explanation of the deviance by 31% as compared with the APSL with no lag. We concluded that TFM constitute a promising tool for including environmental effects in the standardization of the CPUE that would result in less biased and more accurate indexes of abundance.

Título traducido de la contribuciónDiscrimination of environmental variables that influence the catch per unit effort: The case of the antarctic krill fishery
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)71-81
Número de páginas11
PublicaciónLatin American Journal of Aquatic Research
Volumen39
N.º1
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2011
Publicado de forma externa

Palabras clave

  • Abundance index
  • CPUE
  • Cause-effect
  • Euphausia superba
  • Southern ocean
  • Standardization

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