Effect of pH on metabolic pathway shift in fermentation and electro-fermentation of xylose by Clostridium autoethanogenum

Jimmy Anderson Martínez-Ruano, Andrés Suazo, Fabián Véliz, Fabián Otalora, Raúl Conejeros, Ernesto González, Germán Aroca

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Clostridium autoethanogenum can to convert waste gases (CO2, CO, H2) and xylose from hydrolyzed biomass into acetate, lactate, formate, ethanol and 2,3-butanediol, being a candidate for the transformation of waste streams of lignocellulosic biorefineries. Electro-fermentation (EF) modify the pattern of traditional fermentations resulting in improved product yields as has been shown when using Clostridium strains. The aim of this work was to evaluate the influence of pH on microbial growth and product distribution during fermentation and EF of xylose by C. autoethanogenum DSM10061. Fermentation and EF were carried out in a H-type reactor at three controlled pH: 5.0, 5.5 and 5.8, and at a fixed potential of −600 mV (versus Ag/AgCl) in the EF. The experiments showed that maximum biomass concentration increased as the pH increased in fermentation and EF. In accordance with maximum biomass reached, the highest substrate conversion was observed at pH 5.8 for both systems, with 76.80 % in fermentation and 96.18 % in EF. Moreover, the highest concentrations of acetic acid (1.41 ± 0.07 g L−1) and ethanol (1.45 ± 0.15 g L−1) were obtained at the end of cultures in the EF at pH 5.8. The production of lactic and formic acid decreased by the application of the external potential regardless of the pH value, reaching the lowest productivity at pH 5.8. In contrast, the specific productivity of acetic acid and ethanol was lower in both fermentation and EF at the lowest pH. Furthermore, the presence of 0.06 g L−1 of 2,3-butanediol was only detected in EF at pH 5.8. The results revealed that EF modulated microbial metabolism, which can be explained by a possible increased generation of NADP+/NADPH cofactors, which would redirect the metabolic pathway to more reduced products.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo119918
PublicaciónJournal of Environmental Management
Volumen351
DOI
EstadoPublicada - feb. 2024

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