Shadows and gravitational weak lensing by the Schwarzschild black hole in the string cloud background with quintessential field

G. Mustafa, Farruh Atamurotov, Ibrar Hussain, Sanjar Shaymatov, Ali Övgün

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

26 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

In this study, we observe that, in the presence of the string cloud parameter a and the quintessence parameter γ, with the equation of state parameter , the radius of the shadow of the Schwarzschild black hole increases as compared with that in the pure Schwarzschild black hole case. The existence of both quintessential dark energy and the cloud of strings increases the shadow size; hence, the strength of the gravitational field around the Schwarzschild black hole increases. Using the data collected by the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) collaboration for M87* and Sgr A*, we obtain upper bounds on the values of a and γ. Further, we see the effects of a and γ on the rate of emission energy for the Schwarzschild black hole. We notice that the rate of emission energy is higher in the presence of clouds of strings and quintessence. Moreover, we study the weak deflection angle using the Gauss-Bonnet theorem. We show the influence of a and γ on the weak deflection angle. We notice that both a and γ increase the deflection angle α.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo125107
PublicaciónChinese Physics C
Volumen46
N.º12
DOI
EstadoPublicada - dic. 2022
Publicado de forma externa

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